Facial or maxillofacial trauma refers to injuries to the face. It includes facial bones such as the upper jaw bone. While there are several other bones that are found deeper within the facial structure, the face skeleton includes frontal bones, zygomas, orbital bones, nasal bones, maxillary bones, and mandible. The muscles required for talking, chewing, and swallowing are attached to these bones. So, whether you have encountered one or multiple facial fractures, it is advisable to seek immediate medical attention.
What are the possible causes and symptoms of facial trauma?
Facial injuries can significantly affect the lower jaw, upper jaw, nose, cheek, eye socket, and forehead. These injuries can typically be caused by a blunt force or as a result of a severe wound. Some of the typical causes that can lead to facial trauma are:
- Sports injuries
The symptoms associated with facial trauma can include:
- Double vision
- Missing teeth
- Changes in feeling in different areas of the face
- Difficulty in breathing due to swelling or bleeding
- Bruising or swelling around the eyes, leading to vision problems
- Deformed or uneven face or facial bones
How does your dentist examine your facial injuries?
If you are suffering from a facial injury, your health care provider will advise you to undertake a physical exam. This test will enable your surgeon to verify whether you have:
- A nasal blockage
- Lacerations (breaks in the skin)
- Bleeding from the nose, mouth, or eyes
- Abnormal eye movement or changes in the vision
- Improper alignment of upper and lower teeth
- Bruising around the eyes or widening of the distance between the eyes (indicating a bone injury between the eye sockets).
Moreover, listed below are some of the severe conditions that suggest bone fractures:
- Irregularities of the face that the patient can feel by touching.
- Abnormal feeling on the cheek.
- Movement in the upper jaw (when the head is motionless).
Your dental surgeon may recommend facial trauma surgery if your injury hinders your regular activities or leads to a significant deformity. However, it is advisable to proceed with the treatment at the earliest if the patient is in stable condition and does not have a neck fracture. The goal of the treatment is:
- Creating a clear airway
- Controlling the bleeding
- Prevention of scars
- Ruling out other injuries
- Treating the fracture while fixing the bone segments
- Preventing long-term double vision, sunken eyes, or cheekbones
Fortunately, undergoing facial trauma surgery with a well-experienced professional can significantly increase the operation’s success. While most patients do well after a single surgery, some may require additional surgeries in the following six to twelve months to correct the changes in appearance.
Do you need a reliable dental surgeon who can offer you the best tooth replacement solutions? We are here to help! We aim to extend high-tech, comprehensive oral care to all our patients at Premier Oral Surgery. We have significant experience in numerous dental and maxillofacial surgeries and treatments, including bone grafts, wisdom teeth removal, dental implants, and IV sedation. Our highly experienced staff comprises CPR-certified dental and maxillofacial surgical attendants. For further queries, you can leave us a message or call us at 203-939-9390. You can also get in touch by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.